Causes Of Muscle Cramps 


M.Sc. Nutrition & Dietetics

Navneet Kaur


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These are sudden involuntary muscle contractions that are often painful. Let's get to know what causes muscle cramps. 

What are Muscle Cramps? 

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This is the most common cause of muscle cramps because adequate fluid intake helps muscles contract and relax and keep them hydrated.  

1. Dehydration 

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A lack of minerals like sodium, potassium, calcium, or magnesium can affect muscles as they are essential for a healthy fluid-electrolyte balance of the body. 

2. Mineral Deficiency 

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Overtraining or overuse of a muscle can cause the muscle to cramp. Therefore, active people are advised not to overtrain. 

3. Overuse Of Muscle 

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With increasing age, people tend to lose muscle mass. The remaining muscle can get stressed easily, resulting in cramps. 

4. Age 

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Certain conditions like pregnancy and liver or thyroid disorders can result in muscle cramping. 

5. Health Conditions 

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People on diuretics experience muscle cramping often as these medications result in the loss of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, thus altering the balance. 

6. Use of Diuretics