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Written by Navneet Kaur, M.Sc. Nutrition & Dietetics


Common Digestive Disorders and Their Symptoms

Explore common digestive disorders and their symptoms to better understand gastrointestinal health and promote overall well-being. 


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Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid flows back into the oesophagus, causing heartburn, regurgitation, and chest pain. Lifestyle changes and medications can help manage symptoms. 

1. Acid Reflux 

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IBS is a chronic disorder characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhoea, and constipation. Dietary modifications, stress management, and medication can alleviate symptoms. 

2. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) 

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IBD includes conditions like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, causing inflammation in the digestive tract, leading to abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fatigue, and weight loss. Treatment aims to reduce inflammation and manage symptoms. 

3. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) 

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Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by gluten consumption, damaging the small intestine and causing symptoms like diarrhoea, bloating, fatigue, and weight loss. Treatment involves a strict gluten-free diet. 

4. Celiac Disease  

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Gallstones are hardened deposits in the gallbladder, causing abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and jaundice. Treatment options include medication, dietary changes, and surgery. 

5. Gallstones 

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Gastroenteritis, or stomach flu, is inflammation of the stomach and intestines due to viral or bacterial infection, leading to diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and fever. Hydration and rest are essential for recovery. 

6. Gastroenteritis 

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Peptic ulcers are sores that develop on the lining of the stomach, esophagus, or small intestine, causing abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, and heartburn. Treatment involves medication to reduce stomach acid and promote healing. 

7. Peptic Ulcers 

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Diverticulitis occurs when pouches in the colon become inflamed or infected, leading to abdominal pain, fever, nausea, and changes in bowel habits. Treatment includes antibiotics, dietary changes, and sometimes surgery. 

8. Diverticulitis 

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Understanding the symptoms and treatment options for common digestive disorders empowers individuals to take proactive steps in managing their gastrointestinal health and improving overall quality of life. Consulting healthcare professionals for proper diagnosis and treatment is essential for optimal well-being. 


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