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Written by Navneet Kaur, M.Sc. Nutrition & Dietetics


Types of Bhasma in Ayurveda

Bhasma, a unique aspect of Ayurveda, refers to herbal and mineral preparations processed through calcination. Explore the diverse types of Bhasma and their therapeutic properties. 


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Bhasma is a form of Ayurvedic medicine made from purified and calcined metals, minerals, and herbs. It undergoes a series of intricate processes to enhance its therapeutic efficacy. 

1. What is Bhasma? 

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Swarna Bhasma is prepared from purified gold, renowned for its rejuvenating properties. It enhances vitality, boosts immunity, and promotes longevity when used under expert guidance. 

2. Swarna Bhasma (Gold Bhasma) 

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Rajata Bhasma, derived from silver, is valued for its cooling and calming effects. It is beneficial for treating conditions like fever, inflammation, and nervous system disorders. 

3. Rajata Bhasma (Silver Bhasma) 

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Abhraka Bhasma, made from processed mica, is known for its strengthening and rejuvenating properties. It supports bone health, enhances vitality, and aids in the management of respiratory disorders. 

4. Abhraka Bhasma (Mica Bhasma) 

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Tamra Bhasma, obtained from copper, exhibits anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It is used in Ayurvedic formulations to alleviate joint pain, inflammation, and skin disorders. 

5. Tamra Bhasma (Copper Bhasma) 

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Vanga Bhasma, prepared from tin, is valued for its aphrodisiac and rejuvenating properties. It is used in Ayurvedic medicine to enhance reproductive health, vitality, and vigour. 

6. Vanga Bhasma (Tin Bhasma) 

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Lauha Bhasma, derived from iron, is a potent hematinic and rejuvenating tonic. It is beneficial for treating anaemia, fatigue, and weakness and promoting overall vitality. 

7. Lauha Bhasma (Iron Bhasma) 

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Makardhwaja Bhasma is a complex Ayurvedic formulation containing purified mercury, sulfur, and other ingredients. It is renowned for its rejuvenating, aphrodisiac, and immune-boosting properties. 

8. Makardhwaja Bhasma 

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Bhasma in Ayurveda encompasses a wide range of mineral and herbal preparations with diverse therapeutic benefits. When used judiciously and under expert guidance, Bhasma can contribute to holistic health and well-being. 


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