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Written by Navneet Kaur, M.Sc. Nutrition & Dietetics


Foods to Improve Thyroid Symptoms

The thyroid gland plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, including metabolism, energy production, and hormone balance. When the thyroid is not functioning optimally, it can lead to a range of symptoms, such as fatigue, weight gain, and mood swings. 


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Iodine is a key component of thyroid hormones. Incorporate iodine-rich foods like seaweed, fish, and iodized salt into your diet to support thyroid function. 

1. Iodine-Rich Foods 

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Selenium is essential for converting thyroid hormones into their active form. Foods like Brazil nuts, turkey, and sunflower seeds are good sources of selenium. 

2. Selenium Sources  

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Leafy greens such as spinach and kale are packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that promote thyroid health and reduce inflammation. 

3. Leafy Greens 

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Berries like blueberries and strawberries are rich in antioxidants, which help combat oxidative stress and inflammation often associated with thyroid disorders. 

4.  Berries 

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Fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, and trout provide omega-3 fatty acids that can reduce inflammation and support overall thyroid health. 

5. Fatty Fish 

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Coconut oil contains medium-chain fatty acids that can boost metabolism and provide a source of energy for those with thyroid issues. 

6.  Coconut Oil    

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Besides being a source of selenium, Brazil nuts provide essential minerals like zinc and magnesium, which play a role in thyroid function. 

7.  Brazil Nuts    

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Greek yoghurt is rich in probiotics, which support gut health. A healthy gut microbiome is important for the conversion of thyroid hormones. 

8. Greek Yogurt 

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Lean protein sources like chicken, turkey, and tofu provide amino acids necessary for the production of thyroid hormones. 

9. Lean Protein 

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Curcumin, the active compound in turmeric, has anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce inflammation associated with thyroid disorders. 

10. Turmeric 

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While dietary choices can support thyroid health and alleviate symptoms, it's crucial to work closely with a healthcare professional for a comprehensive approach to thyroid management. Foods rich in iodine, selenium, antioxidants, and other essential nutrients can play a role in maintaining thyroid function and overall well-being.  


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